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The Japanese astronautics has been running since the late 1960s. Its modest space program was launched with the appearance of the NASDA, the National Space Development Agency. This was responsible for Japan launching its first satellite with a national rocket in February 1970.
In the late 1980s, NASDA developed an advanced satellite for Earth observation, ADEOS. It was released on August 17, 1996 and renamed Midori. On December 14, 2002, ADEOS II was launched, which also changed its name to Midori-2. This stopped working in October 2003.
In 2003, the NASDA, the Japan National Aerospace Laboratory (NAL) and the Institute of Aeronautical and Space Science (ISAS) joined. The result was JAXA, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. His first mission was the launch of an H-2A rocket, in November 2003, which ended in failure. In February 2005, JAXA launched the H-2A rocket from the Tanegashima Space Center to put a satellite into orbit. JAXA prepares a manned mission to the Moon.
The current Japanese astronautics
The Moon, asteroids and planets Venus and Mars are the main objectives of the Japanese space agency JAXA.
Currently, the agency has two space probes, the Akatsuki and the Ikaros solar sail. The Akatsuki was to be placed in the orbit of Venus in 2010, but could not do it and will try again in 2015. In 2011 Japan launched the Kounotori2 robotic spacecraft, which brought supplies and food to the International Space Station (ISS).
JAXA is already running the Hayabusa 2 probe, which will take off in December 2014. They are also designing the SELENA 2 probe, which they intend to launch into space in 2017 or 2018 using an H-IIA rocket. Your goal, study the Moon.
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